Pesticide use in India

Pesticides Usage by States

State Total pesticides consumed
Uttar Pradesh 39948
Punjab 29235
Haryana 21908
Maharashtra 16480
Rajasthan 15239
Gujarat 13430
Tamil Nadu 12851
All India 210,600

Top Pesticides

Pesticide (Technical Grade) Quantity consumed
(metric tonnes)
Sulphur (fungicide) 16424
Endosulfan (insecticide) 15537
Mancozeb (fungicide) 11067
Phorate (insecticide) 10763
Methyl Parathion (insecticide) 8408
Monocrotophos (insecticide) 8209
Cypermethrin (insecticide) 7309
Isoproturon (herbicide) 7163
Chlorpyrifos (insecticide) 7163
Malathion (insecticide) 7103
Carbendazim (fungicide) 6767
Butachlor (herbicide) 6750
Quinalphos (insecticide) 6329
Copper oxychloride 6055
Dichlorvos (insecticide) 5833

Source: http://indiaforsafefood.in/farminginindia

More crops per drop!

It’s eye opener to learn how we waste water in conventional irrigation method and yet end up with lower production. So go for drip irrigation,increase your farm income. Another benefit is if you are cropping 1 acre land based on available water and drip irrigation saves about 50% then you can actually crop in 2 acres for the same quantity of available water.

Water Requirement(cm) Yield(q/ha) Savings %
Surface Drip Surface Drip Water Yield
Pomegranate 21 16 34 67 24 97
Cauliflower 27 18 171 274 33 60
Radish 46 11 11 12 76 13
Tomato 50 11 62 89 79 44
Onion 52 26 284 342 50 20
Grape 53 28 264 325 47 23
Lady’s Finger 54 9 100 113 84 13
Cucumber 54 24 155 225 56 45
Potato 60 28 172 291 54 69
Sweet Potato 63 25 42 59 60 39
Broccoli 70 60 140 195 14 39
Water melon 72 25 82 504 65 514
Bitter gourd 76 33 32 43 57 34
Beet 86 18 6 9 79 56
Chilli 109 42 42 61 62 44
Brinjal 168 64 91 148 62 63
Banana 176 97 575 875 45 52
Papaya 228 73 130 230 68 77

Source: http://nsdl.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/495/1/corrected+water+management.pdf

Organic Ceritification Agencies

  • http://ncof.dacnet.nic.in/Organic_Certification_System/List_of_certification_Bodies.pdf
  • Presentation on Organic Farming –>http://ncof.dacnet.nic.in/Organic_Certification_System/Organic_Certification_under_NPOP-PPT.pdf
  • National Center of Organic Farming –>http://ncof.dacnet.nic.in/reports.html

Crop based on your available water

High Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Medium Water Requiring Low Water Requiring
1.Arecanut 1.Acidlime 61.Gerbera 1.Agave
2.Banana 2.Allspice 62.Gherkin 2.Amla
3.Betelvine 3.Amaranth 63.Ginger 3.Annona
4.Cocoa 4.Annual Moringa 64.Gladiolus 4.Apricot
5.Coconut 5.Apple 65.Golden Rod 5.Bengalgram
6.Grapes 6.Ash Gourd 66.Guava 6.Ber
7.Jute 7.Asparagus 67.Jack 7.Bilimbi
8.Oilpalm 8.Aster 68.Jathimalli (Pitchi) 8.Blackgram
9.Papaya 9.Avocado 69.Kiwi 9.Carambola
10.Rice 10.Babycorn 70.Knol-khol 10.Cashewnut
11.Sugarbeet 11.Basella 71.Lablab 11.Castor
12.Sugarcane 12.Beetroot 72.Lettuce 12.Cowpea
13.Sweet Sorghum 13.Bellary Onion 73.Litchi 13.Cumbu Napier
14.Bhendi 74.Maize 14.Cumbu
15.Bitter Gourd 75.Malligai 15.Fodder Cholam
16.Bottle Gourd 76.Mandarin Orange 16.Fodder Cowpea
17.Bread Fruit 77.Mango 17.Fodder Cumbu
18.Bread Fruit 78.Mangosteen 18.Fodder Maize
19.Brinjal 79.Marigold 19.Garden lablab
20.Broadbeans 80.Marikolundu (Dhavanam) 20.Gingelly
21.Brussels Sprout 81.Maruvu 21.Greengram
22.Butter Bean 82.Medicinal plants 22.Groundnut
23.Cabbage 83.Mint 23.Guinea Grass
24.Cardamom 84.Mullai 24.Horsegram
25.Carnation 85.Mustard 25.Karonda
26.Carrot 86.Nerium 26.Kolukattai Pullu
27.Cauliflower 87.Nutmeg 27.Kudirai Masal
28.Celery 88.Palak 28.Lemon
29.Ceylon Spinach 89.Paprika 29.Loquat
30.Chakravathi Keerai 90.Passion Fruit 30.Mulberry
31.Chekurmanis 91.Peach 31.Muyal Masal
32.Chillies 92.Pear 32.Panivaragu
33.Chinese Cabbage 93.Peas 33.Phalsa
34.Chow chow 94.Pepper 34.Pineapple
35.Cinnamon 95.Periwinkle 35.Pomegranate
36.Clove 96.Persimmon 36.Ragi
37.Cluster Beans 97.Plum 37.Rambutan
38.Coccinia 98.Potato 38.Redgram
39.Coffee 99.Pumpkin 39.Samai
40.Coleus 100.Pyrethrum 40.Sorghum
41.Colocasia 101.Radish 41.Soundal
42.Commercial Chrysanthemum 102.Rhubarb 42.Soybean
43.Commercial Rose 103.Ribbed Gourd 43.Tenai
44.Coriander 104.Rubber 44.Varagu
45.Cotton 105.Sapota 45.West
46.Crossandra 106.Senna
47.Cucumber 107.Small Onion
48.Curry Leaf 108.Snake Gourd
49.Cut Chrysanthemum 109.Spices
50.Cut Rose 110.Strawberry
51.Digitalis 111.Sunflower
52.Dioscorea 112.Sweet Orange
53.Durian 113.Sweet Potato
54.Egg Fruit 114.Tamarind
55.Elephant Foot Yam 115.Tapioca
56.Fennel 116.Tea
57.Fenugreek 117.Tinda
58.Fig 118.Tomato
59.French Bean 119.Tuberose
60.Garlic 120.Turmeric
121.Turnip
122.Vegetable Cowpea
123.Watermelon
124.Wheat
125.Winged Bean

Soil Quality of your area

How to know general soil quality of your farm area?

  • Macro Nutrients –>http://www.iiss.nic.in/DistrictNPK_SoilmapState.asp?level=District
  • Micro¬†Nutrients –>http://www.iiss.nic.in/MicronutrientMaps.pdf
  • Soil Fertility Map –>http://farmer.gov.in/soilfertilitymaps.html